https://www.ancient.eu/Michael_III/. Much of what is known comes from the writings of the sixth-century Byzantine historian Procopius of Caesarea (d. 565), especially his seven-volume Anecdota (commonly called Secret History). Artist, Unknown. Already crowned co-ruler by his father in his infancy in 840, Michael had just turned two years old when his father died, and Michael succeeded him as sole emperor on 20 January 842. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Michael_III/. Last modified November 15, 2017. This marriage produced four children — Michael Asen, Ivan Sratsimir, Ivan Asen and Vasilisa. Built in the seventh century BCE, the ancient city of Byzantium... Leo VI was emperor of the Byzantine empire from 886-912 CE. Michael was born in 839 CE to Emperor Theophilos (r. 829-842 CE). In his new role Basil removed, by any means he saw fit, the enemies of the emperor. Bardas had no qualms about assassinating his brother-in-law Theoktistos so that his nephew, still in his teens, could be more easily manipulated by himself. Michael III. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. 11 Jan 2021. Already crowned co-ruler by his father in 840, Michael III had just turned two years old when he succeeded as sole emperor on January 20, 842. 842-867 AD. It is, perhaps, significant that one of the first acts of the new emperor was to exhume Michael III’s body from his nondescript grave and entomb him in a fine marble sarcophagus in the Church of the Holy Apostles. Byzantine regent Theodora and her young son, the emperor Michael III (r. 842-867 CE). AV Solidus (4.44 gm). We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Michael was generally kept in the background, even overshadowed on the coins by his sister Thecla. Theodora & Michael III. Military victories and the strengthening of the empire’s eastern borders, in particular, were also thanks to experienced generals rather than Michael if the official records are to be believed. Many of the significant events of Michael’s reign are credited to those family members who ruled in his name. Original image by Unknown Artist. Michael was the youngest child of Emperor Theophilos and Theodora. Theodora (c. 815 – after 867) was a Byzantine Empress as the spouse of the Byzantine emperor Theophilos, and regent of her son, Michael III, from Theophilos' death in 842 to 855. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Several churches hold her as their patron saint. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Michael III Crowns Basil Co-emperor. The Byzantine Empire in the mid-9th century CE. Theodora, a long time closet iconophile despite her late husband’s opposit… Thank you! Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. He... A Short History of Byzantium by John Julius Norwich. (British Museum, London). Constantinople mint. Michael III, also known as “Michael the Drunkard” by his detractors, was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 842 to 867 CE. During her own marriage she bore Theophilus five daughters and two sons, the younger of whom became the future Michael III.. In 855-6 CE Michael overthrew his regents, eliminating Theoktistos and banishing his mother to a monastery, to finally claim the throne in his own right. Although the term may apply to any representation of a holy figure (Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, apostle, saint or archangel) in a mosaic, wall painting, or as small artworks made from wood, metal, gemstones, enamel, or ivory, it is most often used specifically for images painted on small portable wooden panels. Artist, Unknown. Fol­low­ing the death of her hus­band, Theodora served as re­gent for her son Michael. She was wed to the newly crowned Theophilus in AD 830 following a "bride show" in which eligible maidens from all over the Empire were paraded before the young emperor. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Related Content Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Michael had an older sister, Thekla, and the two siblings appear on the reverse of goldcoins minted by their mother. Life. Michael was the youngest child of Emperor Theophilos and Theodora. This item is in the public domain, and can be used, copied, and modified without any restrictions. She over­rode Theophilus' ec­cle­si­as­ti­cal pol­icy and sum­moned a coun­cil under the pa­tri­arch Method­ius, in which the ven­er­a­tion, but not wor­ship, of icons (im­ages of Jesus Christ and the saints) was fi­nally re­stored and the icon­o­clas­ticclergy de­posed. Theodora, Empress and Her Son, Emperor Michael III The Byzantine Empress Theodora Only a few women reached the zenith of power in the male-dominated world of the Byzantines. She is best known for her restoration of the veneration of icons, which ended the Byzantine Iconoclasm. Michael had an older sister, Thekla, and the two siblings appear on the reverse of gold coins minted by their mother. Image; SB 1687: Michael III, with Theodora. The Byzantines then destroyed the army of Umar, emir of Melitene, on the northern Mesopotamian frontier in 863 CE. The portraits of Michael III and Theodora resemble those from the reverse of solidi which Grierson has dated to 843(? The icon, known as "The Triumph of Orthodoxy", dates to the early 15th century CE but is itself a copy of an older one which commemorates the restoration of icons in the Christian Church in March 843 CE. Even more extraordinary, in 866 CE Michael made Basil co-emperor in a lavish ceremony in Hagia Sophia. Theodora, a long time closet iconophile despite her late husband’s opposite policy, saw to it that the veneration of icons was restored as Christian orthodoxy in March 843 CE. How­ever, it was dur­in… Two years of age at his father’s death, his mother Theodora and the logothete tou dromou Theoktistos effectively managed the government for fourteen years. Her brothers became officials and her sisters married into the court aristocracy. One area of discord between Michael and his mother had been her insistence he take Eudokia Dekapolitissa as his wife when he already had a mistress, one Eudokia Ingerina. Constantinople mint. Michael was the youngest child of the emperor Theophilos and his empress Theodora. Theodora (Bulgarian: Теодора) of Wallachia was the daughter of Basarab I of Wallachia (r. 1310–1352) and Lady Margareta. Michael III became Boris’ godfather to add a veneer of cordiality to the agreement. Miguel iii.a 867ko irailean hil baino lehen, Eudokia Ingerinak Leon VI.a Jakituna erditu zuen. The stories may have been exaggerated but they had some truth in them, especially regarding the last five years of Michael’s reign. Ancient History Encyclopedia. As hoped for, the late emperor was given a pardon and so avoided being forever mentioned alongside infamous heretics in church services thereafter. Michael III had no children by his wife Eudokia Dekapolitissa, but was believed to have fathered one or two sons by his mistress Eudokia Ingerina: Leo VI, who succeeded as emperor in 886. Michael was born in 1224, in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, Turkey. Eventually, in 865 CE, Michael removed Bardas too but, in any case, he would enjoy his throne for less than two more years. The icon, known as "The Triumph of Orthodoxy", dates to the early 15th century CE but is itself a copy of an older one which commemorates the restoration of icons in the Christian Church in March 843 CE. This shadowy figure, known as Basil the Macedonian because he had once spent time with a group of prisoners of that region, was a gifted wrestler and horseman of lowly birth. A council of regency was set up, in which the dowager empress, Theodora, and her chief minister, Theoctistus, were the leading figures. THEODORA, BYZANTINE EMPRESS (2) Reigned 842 to 855; wife of theophilus (reigned 829 – 842), mother of michael iii (842 – 867), saint in the Orthodox Church; b.Paphlagonia, c. 810; d. Constantinople, 862. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Michael tertius et postremus Imperator Dynastiae Phrygianae fuit.. Fontes de vita et principatu. The balance of available evidence supports a birthdate in January 840. Uploaded by Mark Cartwright, published on 15 November 2017 under the following license: Public Domain. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. It was an action which became known as the “Triumph of Orthodoxy” and one for which she was later made a saint. Image. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 15 Nov 2017. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/image/7628/. This exquisite fragment depicts the Archangel Michael. For her restoration of the veneration of icons, which ended the Byzantine Iconoclasm, she is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church; her Feast Day is 11 February. Theodora & Michael III. His mother Theodora was effective ruler of the empire, and the first coinage of his reign gives her prominence of position. Books Thank you! His successors called him the Drunkard but that seems to have been an exaggeration. Never quite escaping the shadow of his mother Theodora, who ruled as regent in his name until c. 855 CE, or his uncle Bardas, the gifted chief minister, Michael’s reign nevertheless saw significant religious and political changes and a strengthening of the empire, especially in the east. Two years when his father, Theophilus architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share common! 2 ] she married Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria as his first wife Wikipedia content that has been reviewed edited! 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